French Israel

Tuesday, February 08, 2005

MiniUlpan: don't say rine, say rain

Those who have seen the musical comedy My Fair Lady, or those who are unfortunate to know only this version of the Pygmalion story, may remember the song "The Rain in Spain", which contained this line:
"Ay" not "I", "O" not "Ow", Don't say "Rine," say "Rain".

This was sung by the virtual Greek Chorus of Professor Higgins' cleaning staff to the low-class Eliza Doolittle, who seemed incapable of adopting his Estuary English in place of her East-Ender poor girl's accent.

"Don't say X; say Y" is a familiar pattern and has served as the format for many a grammarian's table of correct language usage for centuries.
Such lists are written by well-meaning educators who just hope to see some continuity in their little part of the human tradition. As soon as a grammarian starts composing such lists, however, the linguist knows the grammarian's work is doomed, in all likelihood.

From our point of view, they often show at what point in history the a word underwent a change. I first encountered these lists in Latin when studying how that language transformed itself into the Romance Languages. Such lists were written by medieval scholars, often Roman Catholic clergymen, who saw that the integrity of the international language was in peril if people kept using the words incorrectly. One of the most famous is the appendix Probi, compiled in the 3rd or 4th century. Here is an example from Probus' long list of common Latin mistakes.
masculus non mascel
lanius non laneo
iuvencus non iuvenclus
barbarus non barbar
equs non ecus
coqus non cocus

The first word of each pair is the "correct" Latin word (the way Cicero, for example, would have written it) and the second is the "incorrect", or dialectal form of the word that had crept into common usage.

Guess which form survived?


You see, I tend to think Probus was right. He knew the correct spelling of words; he just wanted to prevent people from making further mistakes.

Unfortunately some of his readers were as receptive as Jewish high-school students. (In a private school that their parents are paying a lot of money to send them to. Especially if it is an elite, pluralistic high school that prides itself in the quality of its academics.) By that, I mean, not receptive at all. Tell them what the correct word is: they laugh. "Nobody says that." Since they have such a grasp of world affairs, they are sure they must be right.

Truth be told, it was not always the second, incorrect form that survived. Linguists would have us believe that was the case. But sometimes scribes took the lesson seriously. And sometimes purists at a later date rectified the mistakes (such as in the case of the humanists of the fifteenth century, criticised by Desiderius Erasmus in his Dialogus Ciceronianus). But that was indeed true often enough to convince linguists that once a change has taken hold in the popular usage of the language enough to be noted, it is probably irreversible.

Having said that, I would like to consider the effectiveness of attempts by grammarians to curb the incorrect use of Hebrew by Israelis. Whether the definition of what is correct comes from Tanakh, Mishnayot, or the modern Academia LeLashon HaIvrit, I am talking about any rule that has been established and taught, but from which the popular usage of the language is diverging.

I quote from the Orthodox Union Center's Torah Tidbits, issue 652:
Rather than a word or two this week, we're presenting some rules of HaAcademiya. Abbreviations in Hebrew are marked with a GERESH (or GERSHAYIM), apostrophe or double quote, not a period. E.g.
'טל, not .טל (telephone)
רח' קרן היסד not .רח
אישור מס' 1300 not .מס
ת"ד 37015 not .ת.ד (P.O.B.)
ת"ז not .ת.ז

The obvious purpose of the OU Center publishing this list, and vocabulary reminders that come up in other issues, is to remind Hebrew speakers to try to use the accepted rules of the language rather than allowing the pernicious elements of other languages to come in and replace them. This is also a lively polemic in other languages, such as French, which has the Académie Française to set and promote rules of correct usage. As often as not it is the invasion of English words and grammar that causes problems, but sometimes it is just evolution of the language following its natural course as speakers mangle the spelling and pronunciation.

There is a small but important difference in this case. The OU's Torah Tidbits is addressed specifically to those who speak English and have in all likelihood learned Hebrew as a second language. Such persons may be more likely to consider themselves ongoing learners of Hebrew, continually improving it. Furthermore, it is my conviction that the Jewish world in general may pay more heed to such rules than other nationalities.

Am Yisrael has a vested interest in preserving both our religious and linguistic heritage. We may even consider it worthwhile to pay attention to "picky" details such as the use of gershayim instead of the period used in other languages for abbreviations. In such an idealistic, education-oriented environment, such reminders may actually stand a chance.
PinḼas Ivri 23:49


Are you kidding me? The Hebrew language has been littered with Aramaicisms, Greekisms and bits of other languages throughout history. Anglicisms are just the latest round. Especially for anyone who has been in Yeshiva (where Hebrew, and much more so Aramaic and English, are butchered daily) to have faith that the Hebrew language will remain pure is pretty incredible.

I still love your blog -Bobby
Atlanta, Confederate States of America :)
[url=http://www.thecasino.co.il/de/jp-casino-spiele.htm]online casino[/url] , [url=http://www.casinoonlinebrazil.com/slots]jogos de casino[/url] , [url=http://www.onlinecasinorussian.com/slots]casino online[/url]. [url=http://www.ttittancasino.com/]Online Spielautomaten[/url].
Enplane The Best Deals On [url=http://www.bodybuildingrx.com/products.html]Body Supplements[/url]. You don't understand how yard goods these are exchange for you. Not on a tonic

diet? Than you lack to receive supplements with a view your substance or you thinks fitting slowly contract laid up as you have older. How

hard is it to ingest joined dose of vitamins everyday? It's not. And it will save years on your life! Strain my Gurantee

or your money shy away from! I will personally guarentee that you wishes manoeuvre in good health and perceive a huge difference or you

receive your ready money side with! No B.S. Check it out!

bodybuilding supplements[/url]
I'm here to help get your website off to an incredible start off. Don't be 1 of these that wished that they had carried out it far better the first time, then just take around the task, and cost, of starting over. Your site displays that which you along with your enterprise or hobby are all about.

I am ready to present low-cost, user-friendly, customized designed internet sites for a wide range of organizations, organizations and teams.Furthermore, it should not cost a lot of money to get you started. I am going to assist manual you via the method and even warn you when i think you may be obtaining in over your head, or beyond your budget.

Listed here are some hight high quality solutions to get a resonable cost:

Front-End Development
Custom web site design
Affordable web site design
E-Commerce website design
Corporate Website Design
Innovative website design
Static Web Design
Website maintenance
Web site re-designs
SEO Services
Logo Design

Please look around the site for further information about the [url=http://www.adrianbotea.com]freelance web designer[/url] services that I am able to offer and to see examples of websites that I have designed


[url=http://moncler-jackor.org]Moncler[/url] ReqAxe EifCfy [url=http://christianlouboutinpascheronline.net]Christian Louboutin[/url] WjpOhq BoxXaz [url=http://www.true-religionbrandjeans.com]True Religion Jeans[/url] HeqRhn [url=http://monclerjassenjas.org]Moncler[/url]
WjhWvr [url=http://www.hogan-schuhe.net]hogan schuhe[/url] [url=http://www.handtascheonline.com/gucci-handtaschen-5.html]Gucci handtaschen[/url]
EdhIbk [url=http://www.handtascheonline.com]MIU MIU[/url]
[url=http://www.monclerjakkevinter.com]moncler[/url] EsiPhm [url=http://www.handtascheonline.com/miu-miu-handtaschen-18.html]MIU MIU handtaschen[/url]
[url=http://www.mbtdk.dk]mbt[/url] KarXnz [url=http://www.handtascheonline.com/miu-miu-handtaschen-18.html]MIU MIU handtaschen[/url]
[url=http://www.mbtdk.dk]mbt sko[/url] LdtWnn [url=http://www.canadagoosetilbudnorge.com/canada-goose-jakker-c-13/]Canada Goose Jakker[/url]
[url=http://www.hogan-schuhe.net]Hogan Schuhe[/url] AckVmd [url=http://www.handtascheonline.com/bally-handtaschen-55.html]Bally handtaschen[/url]
[url=http://www.hogan-schuhe.net]Hogan[/url] TyuEoj [url=http://www.canadagoosetilbudnorge.com]Canada Goose[/url] IzuScd
But naturally, it is usually probably for the reason that a good number of online players do actually under no circumstances give it time to become former a few meters why some examples are developed Cristiano ronaldo (C-ronaldo with excellent ball) technology, 17 years old play for sporting Lisbon when they saw Manchester united 18, a move to Manchester united, successful first league season represent the team playing 26 times and started 15 times, scoring four goals Such people know the game and the betting itself quite well Inside the United States, regardless of whether the NBA or NHL, all of the players think about that jersey might be hung inside the upper component of the stadium by the team played for after retirement can be a supreme honor To make the process even easier, there are even some service providers that will allow one to design what they want over the internet and then the ready jersey will be delivered right to their doorstep That is their shirts and socks to use pure color, plus three blue stripes of the sleeve
The Pasadena stadium was called ose because it was built to host the Tournament of Roses football game, and owl because it resembles a bowl 7The Achilles is the strongest tendon in the body; however the forces that are exerted by this structure exceed loads equal to tow trucks pulling on a stationary car for portions of a second during exercisesSomething differentPittsburgh shouldn't miss a beat however, handing the ball to Ian Redman who can put up some pretty big numbers 6, Ware, J

[url=http://www.torreysmithjerseys.com/]Torrey Smith Women's Jersey[/url]
[url=http://www.johnelwayjersey.net/]Women's John Elway Jersey[/url]
[url=http://www.freeshippingcheapjerseys.com/]Cheap Jerseys[/url]
Military Greens I still on the hunt for the perfect army green parka. http://www.lateuggboots.com Every day, the question Michelle gets asked the most is: are the right products for me? infinite beauty product combinations in the marketplace, choosing the best items for your needs can be a challenge! That was why Michelle created ipsy. ghd uk No doubt the steep price is to keep out the riff-raf, but when you think about it those are probably the people who would have enjoyed this kind of event the most.. ugg boots sale Schofield said that Blake had exclaimed: "Damn the king. ugg boots How most of those restaurants haven been shut down for health and safety violations is beyond me.
This entry through imitation chanel replica costume jewelry wholesale , The feed.. uggs canada Did the Tokio Hotel Frontman try to shake-off his image as a Teenie-Band-Idol? Max Dax, Chief Editor of the music magazine "Spex": Tokio Hotel are one of the few Bands, who have the potential to transform and develope themselves. north face coats The study found that regardless of age, gender, or age differences, affectionate siblings have positive influences on each other, but that having a sister prevents depression more than having a brother.. ghd rare leopard edition It seems that it hotter to find what ladies on the street in each fashion location are wearing rather than what is on the runway. http://www.fitghdhair.com The "Ancient Days "is described in Chapter 7 of the book of Daniel.
Mother stopped in her tracks and stood there looking at the disappearing mother and daughter, a knowing smile. http://www.oneghdhair.com Pasted items automatically include each item's URL (Web address). ghd sale Sykes designs the clothing range himself and started out by mailing clothing to fans from his bedroom. http://www.fitghdhair.com So I went with the theory that = half the circumference. ugg sale If 25 stacks is a little out of your price range this season, you can opt to purchase the $10,000 pencil and just build a single classroom instead.
This can be like a chance in a lifetime that you can get scarves for women at the most affordable prices from the stores that deal in online wholesale selling. http://www.morenorthface.com Prior to becoming the Founder CEO of Ingrid Isabel, Ingrid was a stay-at-home mom with her daughter Isabel who was the inspiration behind the Bellaband. http://www.wellnorthface.com The President of this university is Dr. http://www.verynorthface.com There are probabilities that you just might nicely obtain a custom made bag like Dooney and Bourke method Lucy bag for half the price.. ghd sale Evening shawls can create make a highly sophisticated impression at any special celebration or event, the opera, dinner party or wedding.
repay GHD iv style ah" GHD Australia gently by hand to wipe her tears smiled and said GHD Purple.
Tian Shuangmang leather hand cheap nfl jerseys china.
J8q3o comprar ugg online
D5z2n ghd hair straighteners
Rather ghd purple.

Post a Comment